“Based on traditional idea of molecular coupling effect, s

“Based on traditional idea of molecular coupling effect, surface modifiers were helpful to improve the performances of inorganic/organic composites. However, it was also widely accepted that the content of surface modifier should be controlled in a suitable range, and more or less modifiers could not reach to optimal properties. The intrinsic reason for this phenomenon was not clear until

now. In this article, the influences of the content of surface modifier: silane coupling agent KH-560, on the final performances of linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE)/magnesium hydroxide (MH) composites, have been studied. The performance tests of LLDPE/MH composites, selleck kinase inhibitor including mechanical properties measurements, thermal oxidative stability selleck chemical analysis, and surface morphology observation, all confirmed that there was an optimal content range of surface modifier. However, further morphology investigation of the modified MH by particle size and particle size distribution analyzer showed that, the particle size and particle size distribution of MH both increased as the content of KH-560 increased. ATR-FTIR analysis proved that silane grafting was achieved on the MH particle surface, which not only improved the compatibility between MH and LLDPE for molecular coupling effect, but also caused bigger particle

size and wider particle size distribution, which were disadvantageous to improve the performances of the composites. The two opposite effects LEE011 cell line of the surface modifiers mentioned above affected the final performances of the composites. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 118: 2634-2641, 2010″
“Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is an endogenous hallucinogen with traditional use as a sacrament in the orally active preparation of ayahuasca. Although the religious use of ayahuasca has been examined extensively, very

little is known about the recreational use of DMT. In this study, Australian participants (n = 121) reporting at least one lifetime use of DMT completed an online questionnaire recording patterns of use, subjective effects and attitudes towards their DMT use. Smoking DMT was by far the most common route of administration (98.3%) with a comparatively smaller proportion reporting use of ayahuasca (30.6%). The reasons for first trying DMT were out of a general interest in hallucinogenic drugs (46.6%) or curiosity about DMT’s effects (41.7%), while almost one-third (31.1%) cited possible psychotherapeutic benefits of the drug. An increase in psychospiritual insight was the most commonly reported positive effect of both smoked DMT (75.5%) and ayahuasca (46.7%), a finding that is consistent with other studies examining the ritualised use of ayahuasca in a religious context. Although previous studies of DMT use have examined ayahuasca use exclusively, the present study demonstrates the ubiquity of smoking as the most prevalent route of administration among recreational DMT users. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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