With this in mind, silica gel was chosen as the material because

With this in mind, silica gel was chosen as the material because of its tunable porosity via hydrolytic polycondensation of liquid precursors such as the silicon alkoxides under controlled conditions [10]. buy Quisinostat The first synthesis of porous silica was described by Kistler in 1931 [11]. Since that time, silica gels have been used as functional materials with an impressive range of applications [12]. The use of silica gel for CaCO3 single crystal growth has been employed as a means to

control the purity and morphology [13, 14]. However, a silica gel-based system for controlling the formation of amorphous CaCO3 has not been studied. In this work, we used a porous silica gel support to form ACC for the first time. Silica gel is obtained through the hydrolytic polycondensation of ethyl https://www.selleckchem.com/products/KU-55933.html silicate as an additive to a solution of CaCl2 and (NH2)2CO. The morphology of silica gel can be tailored to form a 3D-matrix during hydrolytic polycondensation under suitable conditions [9], so that support is afforded that lowers the interfacial energy of the ACC. The structure and morphology of the product were characterized by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM), micro-Raman spectroscopy,

and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Methods The ethyl silicate (ES), Regorafenib mw calcium chloride dihydrate (CaCl2··2H2O), urea, ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) used as precursors were of analytical grade and used without further purification. All chemicals were purchased from Sinopharm Chemical Reagent Co., Ltd (Shanghai, China). Deionized water with an electrical conductivity of less than 106 S m-1 was taken from a Mili-Q system. Four separate silica solutions were prepared by mixing 0.2 mL ethyl silicate, 0.2 mL alcohol, 6.5 mL NaOH (0.1 M), and deionized water in 100-mL plastic beakers and stirring for 1 h. A 0.5 M calcium chloride Resminostat solution and 2.5 M urea solution were prepared in 30-mL quantities. Subsequently, different amounts (0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 mL) of the 0.5 M calcium chloride solution and 1.5 mL of the 2.5 M urea solution were added to the plastic beakers.

As a result, the concentration of CaCl2 is, respectively, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 15 mM, in these four mixing solutions. Deionized water was added until the total amount of mixture was 100 mL. After that, 5 mL each of the solutions was transferred to separate Petri dishes, each with a 5 cm × 5 cm slide substrate. Each Petri dish was sealed by parafilm with seven pinholes and then incubated at 60°C until bakeout. The sample on the slide substrate was then subjected to analysis. Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) and scanning electron microscopy (Hitachi S-4800 SEM, Hitachi, Ltd., Chiyoda-ku, Japan) were used to observe the morphology of the sample. SEM images were obtained without gold coating in order to avoid spurious results.

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