22 Increased inoculum size (final OD600) significantly improved

22. Increased inoculum size (final OD600) significantly improved the production yield. The emulsifier

produced was demonstrated to be an alternative to chemically synthesized surfactants since it shows high solubilization efficiency towards diesel oil in comparison with SDS and Tween 80. CONCLUSION: Optimization studies led to a strong improvement in production yield. The emulsifier produced, owing its high solubilization capacity and its large tolerance to acidic and alkaline pH values and salinity, shows great potential for use in bioremediation processes to enhance the solubility of hydrophobic compounds. (c) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry”
“Mo3Sb7-xTex is VX-765 solubility dmso a high temperature thermoelectric material, reported to reach figure of merit (ZT)=0.8 at 1023 K. Various p-type

samples of NiyMo3Sb7-xTex were prepared with y <= 0.1 and 1.5 <= x <= 1.7 via high temperature reactions at 993 K. Adding transition selleck chemicals metal atoms into the empty cube formed by Sb atoms significantly alters the band structure and thus the thermoelectric properties. Electronic band structure calculations indicate that adding Ni slightly increases the charge carrier concentration, while higher Te content causes a decrease. Thermoelectric properties were determined on pellets densified via hot pressing at 993 K. Seebeck as well as electrical and thermal conductivity measurements were performed up to 1023 K. The highest ZT value thus far was obtained from a sample of nominal composition Ni0.06Mo3Sb5.4Te1.6, which amounts to 0.93 at 1023 K.”
“BACKGROUND: Recently, various composites of carbon nanomaterials and conducting polymers have been actively investigated as potential electrode materials for supercapacitors

which can store and deliver large amounts of electrical energy promptly. Harsh chemical or complex electrodeposition methods have been studied to prepare such composites. In this report, the mild and simple enzymatic VX-680 catalysis of horseradish peroxidase (EC in aqueous solutions (pH 4.0) was utilized for the first time to prepare composites of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and polypyrrole. RESULTS: Electron micrographs show that in situ enzymatic reaction by horseradish peroxidase enables the uniform coating of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with polypyrrole without containing the polymer aggregates. The specific capacitance of the composites (46.2 F g1) measured with a two-electrode cell containing an electrolyte of 1 mol L1 NaNO3 increased more than four-fold compared with that obtained with bare multiwalled carbon nanotubes (10.8 F g1). CONCLUSIONS: Horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed in situ synthesis of the composites of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and polypyrrole requires neither the derivatization of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and/or pyrrole monomers nor the post-doping of the synthesized composites to enhance the capacitance of the composites.

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