27,28 Stabilization of NTx to creatinine levels in patients at r

27,28 Stabilization of NTx to creatinine levels in patients at risk for skeletalrelated events suggests a good prognosis.26 Summary Bone health is an important

consideration for men with prostate cancer, and hormonal therapy may induce osteoporosis. Practitioners should be aware of the risk of the development of osteoporosis and of skeletal side effects related to hormonal therapy. Practitioners should screen for this using DXA scan and implement preventive strategies, including calcium replacement and use of vitamin D. According to current #SB431542 mw keyword# National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, patients at very high risk, that is, those with T scores −2.5, should consider additional therapy such as bisphosphonates.29 Men with prostate cancer metastatic to the bone are particularly at high risk for skeletal-related events that include pathologic fractures, spinal cord compression, and the need for surgical and radiation Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical therapy; these men should be treated with intravenous BP zoledronic acid. DXA scans and other imaging procedures,

such as radiographs, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and urinary Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical NTx levels put physicians in the best position to take preemptive steps to avoid skeletal-related risks in men receiving hormonal therapy for prostate cancer. Main Points The use of androgen deprivation therapy has steadily increased among men with localized prostate cancer. It has become increasingly recognized that androgen deprivation therapy Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical is associated with long-term, adverse side effects that impact quality of life; these include hot flashes, depression, diabetes, coronary artery disease, obesity, and skeletal complications, including osteoporosis and an increased

risk of fractures. The presence of bone metastases irrespective of the simultaneous use of hormonal therapy predisposes men to more frequent and more severe skeletal-related events. Management of bone metastasis to prevent skeletal-related Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical events includes bisphosphonate therapy and will likely expand in the near future as other treatment modalities are evaluated. Footnotes This article was conceived of and fully funded by Amgen, and Amgen provided background direction of for the article.

The 24th Annual Congress of the European Association of Urology (EAU) took place in Stockholm from March 17 to 21, 2009. Almost 11,000 participants were offered over 1000 abstracts, over 40 video sessions, and over 40 courses on contemporary issues. Major topics concerning prostate cancer included basic research, prognostic factors, surgical and functional outcome, and management of postoperative urinary leakage and erectile dysfunction. Important new research was presented on diagnosis, prognostic factors, therapy modalities, and surgical approaches.

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