Cancer cells were injected into 2 sites (subcutaneous and femur)

Cancer cells were injected into 2 sites (subcutaneous and femur) of nude mice with or without BMP2. Tumor size was determined by direct measurements for subcutaneous tumor formation and by femur radiographs. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses were performed.\n\nResults. RhBMP2 inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro. Inhibition was associated

with changes in both the Smad and Wnt signaling pathways and was ultimately mediated through effects on various cell cycle proteins. Furthermore, rhBMP2 inhibited the growth of MDA-MB-231 cells injected both subcutaneously and intrafemorally.\n\nConclusion. In this model using human breast adenocarcinoma cell line, rhBMP2 has no stimulatory effect of tumor growth. Therefore, we can provide the basic science data to support the utilization in the management of patients with spine tumor in the future.”
“PURPOSE: To compare measurements of ultrasound Scheimpflug, and optical coherence pachymetric techniques to describe ablated depth after myopic astigmatic corneal laser refractive surgery and achieved refractive correction.\n\nMETHODS: Ninety-six myopic astigmatism treatments using LASIK or LASEK in 58 patients with 3-month follow-up were retrospectively analyzed. In all cases, standard

examinations, pre-/postoperative corneal topography, ocular aberrometry, and pachymetry were performed. SCHWIND Custom Ablation Manager (CAM) software and the ESIRIS laser were used for planning treatments and performing Crenigacestat price ablations. Outcomes were evaluated in terms of predictability, safety, and wavefront aberration. Pachymetry was taken before CAL-101 molecular weight treatment (ultrasound [DGH Pachette 2], Scheimpflug [Oculus Pentacam HR], and optical coherence pachymetry [OCP] [Heidelberg-Enigneering OCP]) after lifting the flap (Pachette 2, OCP), immediately after finishing ablation (Pachette 2, OCP), and at 3-month follow-up (Pachette 2, Pentacam

HR).\n\nRESULTS: At 3 months, 87 (91%) of eyes achieved 20/20 UCVA, and 89 (93%) of eyes were within +/- 0.50 diopters (D). Postoperative mean spherical equivalent refraction was -0.15 +/- 0.30 D. Best spectacle-corrected visual acuity improved in 30 (31%) of eyes. Differential pachymetry correlated to intended central ablation depth for all techniques: r(2)=0.60, P<.0001, slope 0.81 for ultrasound; r(2)=0.75, P<.0001, slope 0.97 for Scheimpflug; and r(2)=0.76 P<.0001, slope 1.03 for OCR Relative differential pachymetry correlated only marginally to achieved refractive correction for ultrasound and OCP.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: Differential pachymetry is a metric useful for describing intended central ablation depth but not for achieved refractive correction.

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