For analysis of intracellular

IL-17A, Brefeldin A (GolgiP

For analysis of intracellular

IL-17A, Brefeldin A (GolgiPlug® 1 μL/mL, BD Biosciences) was added to cultures for 8 h prior to analysis and, following surface staining, intracellular staining was carried out using Cytofix/Cytoperm® reagents. For FACS, magnetic column-enriched CD4+ T cells were incubated for 20 min in FACS sorting buffer at 4°C with combinations of fluorochrome-labelled antibodies then sorted using a BD FACSAriaII®sorter. In some experiments, MSCs were re-purified from co-cultures by FACS based on CD45 surface expression and then subjected to Western Blotting, quantitative RT-PCR or re-cultured to generate conditioned media. Representative examples of gating strategies used for MSC re-purification experiments are Selleckchem PD-332991 provided in Supplementary Fig. S6. Representative gating strategies for additional flow cytometry and FACS experiments are

Enzalutamide mw provided in Supplementary Fig. S9. Sorted cells were re-analysed to ensure high purity. FACS-purified MSCs were incubated for 1 h on ice in complete lysis buffer. The protein concentration was determined using a BCA Protein Assay Kit (Fisher Scientific) and proteins were separated on 4–20% Precise™ Protein Gels (Fisher Scientific) in a Mini-Protean® Tetra Cell (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA, USA). Electro-transfer to Immobilion P PVDF membranes (Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA) was performed prior to blocking for 1 h at room temperature in 5% w/v skimmed milk powder. Membranes were incubated with anti-mouse COX-1 (1:200), anti-mouse COX-2 (1:200) or anti-β-actin (1:50 000) overnight at 4°C followed by washing in TBST, incubation for 1 h at room temperature with goat anti-rabbit IgG-HRP (1:5000), development using Immobilon® Western Chemiluminescent HRP Substrate (Millipore) and imaging on a Kodak® Image Station 4000MM Pro (Eastman Kodak, Rochester, NY, USA). Total RNA was extracted from FACS-purified MSCs using RNeasy Micro kits (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany). Reverse transcription

Phospholipase D1 was carried out using the High Capacity cDNA Reverse Transcription kit (Applied Biosystems). Quantitative (Real Time) RT-PCR was performed for murine COX-1 and COX-2 (see Supplemental Methods for primer sequences) using SYBR® Green primer pairs and SYBR® Green PCR Master Mix with 18S rRNA as a normalisation control. Samples were amplified on a Prism 7900HT Real-time PCR System (Applied Biosystems). Relative quantification was performed using the comparative CT method with results expressed as fold difference relative to the MSCs-alone sample. UUO with preparation of cell suspensions by collagenase/DNase digestion was conducted as previously described 22, 43 (see also Supplemental Methods). Leukocyte-enriched fractions were prepared from kidney cell suspensions by positive magnetic selection using anti-CD45 microbeads (Miltenyi Biotec).

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