METHODS: A retrospective review of a 24-month period identified patients undergoing minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion. The O-arm was introduced in the middle of this period and was used for all subsequent patients. Accuracy of screw placement was assessed by examination of axial computed tomography or O-arm scans.
RESULTS: The fluoroscopy group included 141 screws in 42 patients, and the O-arm group included 205 screws in 52 PSI-7977 nmr patients. The perforation rate was 12.8% in the fluoroscopy group and 3% in the O-arm group (P < .001). Single-level O-arm procedures took a mean 200 (153-241) minutes, whereas fluoroscopy took 221 (178-302) minutes (P < .03).
CONCLUSION: Percutaneous pedicle screw placement
with the O-arm Multidimensional Intraoperative ASP2215 research buy Imaging System is a safe and effective technique and provided improved overall accuracy and reduced operative time compared with conventional fluoroscopic techniques.”
“Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence, risk factors, and
clinical manifestations of spinal cord ischernia (SCI) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).
Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed for all patients undergoing TEVAR at a single academic institution between July 2002 and June 2010. Preoperative demographics, procedure-related variables, and clinical details related to SCI were examined. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors for the development of SCI.
Results: Of the 424 patients who underwent TEVAR during the study period, 12 patients (2.8%) developed SCI. Mean age of this cohort with SCI was 69.6 years (range, 44-84 years), and 7 were women. One-half of these patients had prior open or endovascular aortic repair. Indication for surgery was either degenerative aneurysm (n = 8) or dissection (n = 4). Six TEVARs were performed electively, with the remaining done either urgently or emergently due to contained rupture (n = 2), dissection with malperfusion (n = 2), or severe back pain SPTLC1 (n = 2). All 12 patients underwent extent C endovascular coverage. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated
chronic renal insufficiency to be independently associated with SCI (odds ratio [OR], 4.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.2-16.6; P = .029). Onset of SCI occurred at a median of 10.6 hours (range, 0-229 hours) postprocedure and was delayed in 83% (n = 10) of patients. Clinical manifestations of SCI included lower extremity paraparesis in 9 patients and paraplegia in 3 patients. At SCI onset, average mean arterial pressure (MAP) and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure was 77 mm Hg and 10 mm Hg, respectively. Therapeutic interventions increased blood pressure to a significantly higher average MAP of 99 nun Hg (P = .001) and decreased lumbar CSF pressure to a mean of 7 mm Hg (P = .30) at the time of neurologic recovery. Thirty-day mortality was 8% (1 of 12 patients).