Slides were then placed in a 37°C water bath and incubated for

Slides were then placed in a 37°C water bath and incubated for JSH-23 30 min with the primary mouse anti-EGFR MAb (Chemicon International, Inc.) diluted 1:200 and anti-COX-2 MAb (Beijing Zhongsan Biological Company) diluted 1:100. After two rinses in buffer the slides were incubated with the detection system for 30 min. Tissue staining was visualized with a DAB substrate chromogen solution. Slides were counterstained with hematoxylin, dehydrated, and mounted. To validate each staining, the EGFR positive colon cancer section provided with the EGFR kit was used as positive control in each staining run. For COX-2 staining,

the positive control used the sample itself (internal control). The negative control for both EGFR and COX-2 used PBS to substitute the primary antibody. Scoring method The EGFR positive cell is defined as selleck chemical having clearly shown brownish yellow selleckchem granules within cytoplasm and cell membrane; the COX-2 positive cell having clearly shown

brown granules in cytoplasm; with clear background. Slide evaluation was independently performed by two investigators blinded to all subject characteristics. The slides were first observed for staining status under low power microscope, and then randomly selected 5 fields under high power (200×) light microscope. For assessment of staining positivity, the number of positive cells out of 200 tumor cells in each field was counted. The eltoprazine positive cell counts from all 5 fields were averaged and then divided by the total cell number of 5 fields to get the positivity ratio. Staining positivity was defined if the ratio ≥ 10% (+), and negative if ration < 10% (-). As EGFR and COX-2 were not expressed in normal tissues, any observed positivity of EGFR and COX-2 was thus considered as over expression [4]. Statistical analysis The data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0 software package. The correlation of EGFR expression with different clinical

characteristics was analyzed with chi-square test. COX proportional-hazards model was used to analyze the correlation of survival with various clinical characteristics and EGFR protein expression. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test were used to analyze the correlation of patient survival with EGFR expression. A significance level of P < 0.05 was used. Results EGFR protein expression The positive rate of EGFR protein in NSCLC tumor cells were 46%, which was significantly higher than its expression in normal lung (p = 0.0234) and paracancerous (p = 0.020)(Figures 1A & 1B, Tables 1 & 2). Figure 1 EGFR protein expression in (A) adenocarcinoma and (B) squamous carcinoma of the lung by immunohistochemical assay (×200).

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