There were no major complications, and very satisfactory results

There were no major complications, and very satisfactory results have been obtained.

This retrospective study showed that both options of raising a large DIEAP flap for unilateral breast reconstruction, namely unipedicled flap based on large medial perforator/s plus additional venous discharge or double-pedicle flap, are safe. Preoperative examination of the dominant perforator/s with CDS and/or MDCT is mandatory in both cases. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery 2010. “
“Breast conservation surgery in the treatment of early stage breast cancer has become increasingly utilized as a means to avoiding mastectomy. While partial mastectomy defects (PMDs) may often be cosmetically acceptable, some cases warrant consideration of reconstructive options, and while several reconstructive options have been described in this role, a series of deep selleck chemicals inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps R788 nmr has not been reported to date. A cohort of 18 patients undergoing PMD reconstruction with a DIEP flap were included. Patient-specific data, operation details, cosmetic results, and complication rates were assessed. Oncologic outcomes, in particular recurrence rates, were also evaluated. In our series there were no cases of partial or total flap necrosis, and overall complications were

low. There were two cases of wound infection (both had undergone radiotherapy), managed conservatively, and one case of reoperation due to hematoma. There were no cancer recurrences or effect on oncologic management. Cosmetic outcome was rated as high by both patients and 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier-protein) reductase surgeon. The results were thus comparable with other reconstructive options. Although autologous reconstruction has an established complication rate, our results suggest that the DIEP flap may be of considerable value for delayed reconstruction of selected larger partial mastectomy defects. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery, 2011. “
“The latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle flap is one of the most versatile flaps used for reconstruction of soft tissue defects. With knowledge of its anatomy, harvest of the segmental LD muscle has been introduced as a reliable technique with

the advantage of muscle preservation. We devised a new harvest technique for the segmental LD flap using a limited transverse incision to elevate a less bulky distal segment of the muscle with a sufficient pedicle length obtained by intramuscular dissection of the vascular pedicle. Two cases, in which this technique was effectively applied to reconstruct plantar defects after wide excision of malignant melanoma with a maximally efficient use of donor and recipient tissues, are presented. Satisfactory results were gained with stability in walking. When the defect size permits use of a segmental muscle and the long pedicle is needed, this pedicle-lengthened segmental LD muscle harvest technique would be a valuable method. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 33:491–495, 2013.

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