Also, EKM prepared the initial draft of the manuscript DLV perfo

Also, EKM prepared the initial draft of the manuscript. DLV performed all the experiments describing the interaction of germinated and ungerminated A. fumigatus conidia with P. aeruginosa cells, some of the drug susceptibility experiments as well as the effects of various microbial growth medium on the monomicrobial biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa cells on Costar tissue culture plates. JAV helped EKM in the planning and designing of all the experiments as well as performed analysis and interpretation of the results.

Also, JAV revised the initial draft of the learn more manuscript and prepared the submitted version. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Background Meyerozyma guilliermondii is a genetically heterogenous complex belonging to the Saccharomycotina CTG clade [1]. This complex consists of phenotypically indistinguishable and closely related PKC412 manufacturer species namely Meyerozyma guilliermondii (anamorph Candida guilliermondii), Meyerozyma caribbica (anamorph Candida fermentati), Candida carpophila, Candida smithsonii, Candida athensensis, Candida elateridarum and Candida glucosophila[2–6]. Apart from its presence in healthy human [7, 8], M. guilliermondii also exists in clinical [3, 9] and environmental samples [10]. This organism is widely studied in various

aspects due to its clinical importance, biotechnological applications and biological control potential [11]. C. guilliermondii is regarded as an emerging infectious yeast of the

non-albicans Candida (NAC) species group which accounts for 1 – 5% of nosocomial blood stream infections worldwide selleck inhibitor [9, 12, 13]. However, in certain geographical regions such as Brazil, India and Italy, over 10% of all the candidaemia cases are caused by this species [14]. The threat posed by this organism is ever increasing due to the decreased susceptibility and emergence of strains resistant to antifungal drugs like polyene (amphotericin B) and azoles (fluconazole and itraconazole), leading to mortality in candidaemia patients [9, 12, 15]. C. fermentati ioxilan has been rarely found to be associated with candidaemia [16, 17]. But due to the poor discernability of C. fermentati from C. guilliermondii, they are commonly misidentified in clinical laboratories. Apart from being organisms of clinical importance, M. guilliermondii and M. caribbica are often linked with fermented foods [18–20]. M. guilliermondii is known for the production of flavour compounds in fermented food products [21]. Further, in a study with soybean paste fermentation, M. guilliermondii and M. caribbica have been claimed for the efficient production of isoflavone aglycone which is a widely known bioactive compound for its various health promoting functions [22]. M. guilliermondii is a flavinogenic yeast which is known for the overproduction of vitamin B2 (riboflavin) [23]. Moreover, isolates of M. guilliermondii and M.

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