Interestingly, tumor lysates from TaxMTD–treated mice contained h

Interestingly, tumor lysates from TaxMTD–treated mice contained higher levels of cathepsin activity and mRNA. As infiltrating immune cells are the primary source of cathepsins in these tumors, we reasoned that tumors may mobilize cathepsin-positive cells from the bone marrow after TaxMTD treatment to promote recovery from the cytotoxic assault, potentially explaining why cathepsin inhibition in the context of TaxMTD treatment is more

effective than treating with either drug alone. Indeed, increased cathepsin activity-positive cells were found in the blood 48 hours after TaxMTD treatment. Our current data also suggests selleckchem that cathepsin inhibition specifically impairs the development of lung metastases. These analyses clearly support a therapeutic IWP-2 purchase benefit from adding cathepsin inhibition to chemotherapeutics in the treatment of breast SAR302503 research buy Cancer and the prevention of metastases. O180 The Effect of the PAX2 Oncogene on the Tumor Microinvironment, Tumor Progression and its Potential as a Therapeutic

Target for Prostate Cancer Carlton Donald 1 1 Phigenix, Inc., Atlanta, GA, USA Inhibition of cell death is a critical pathophysiological factor that contributes to the initiation and progression of cancer. Recently, much attention has focused on developing therapeutic agents aimed at cancer cell survival pathways involving factors such as MEK kinase Astemizole and AKT. Unattenuated, tumour-associated expression of PAX2, a transcriptional regulator implicated in oncogenesis and cancer development,

has been observed to play a direct role in these pathways. PAX2 expression is aberrantly turned on in a number of cancers such as Wilm’s Tumor, breast, ovarian, bladder and prostate. We have discovered a novel mechanism by which PAX2 promotes cancer cell survival through the suppression of the host defense peptide and putative tumor suppressor Human Beta Defensin-1 (hBD-1). Our current findings provide the first indication of the cellular factors responsible for deregulated PAX2 expression in prostate cancer and how targeting these factors promote cancer cell death. Collectively, these data offers substantial evidence of the therapeutic potential of inhibiting PAX2 for the treating prostate cancer. O181 Targeting the Tumor Stroma – a Novel Therapeutic Strategy Based on Separate Analysis of the Malignant and Stromal Cell Compartments in Brain Tumors Jian Wang 1 , Anne M.

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