Whatever results Stuart et al. achieved between picosecond and femtosecond pulses, we acquired it within the femtosecond pulse regime. www.selleckchem.com/products/elacridar-gf120918.html For example, they discovered that the damage area generated by the 500-fs pulse in fused silica glass was twice as much smaller than that produced by the 900-ps pulse. Figure 2 Interaction of femtosecond laser pulses of different
pulse-width sizes with glass surface. Schematic representation of glass irradiation with femtosecond laser pulses with pulse widths of (a) 214, (b) 428, and (c) 714 fs (schematic not to the scale). Figure 3 Microholes drilled via different pulse-width sizes. Microholes drilled by femtosecond laser pulses with pulse widths of (a) 214 and (b) 714 fs at 16-W average laser power and 0.5-ms dwell time, 13-MHz repetition rate. Even though we did not work in the picosecond pulse duration regime,
we obtained similar result as we increased the pulse width in the femtosecond click here regime. Figure 3 shows the SEM images of the microholes drilled by femtosecond laser pulses at 13-MHz repetition rate for 0.5-ms dwell time with pulse widths of 214 and 714 fs, respectively. The diameters of these microholes are approximately on average 12 and 21 μm, respectively. The size of microhole represent the GSK2245840 ic50 amount of material removed from the target; larger diameter means larger amount of material removal compare to smaller hole diameter. The life span of the plasma is also an important factor. In the current investigation, the turbulence created in the plasma due to the interactions between nitrogen gas and plasma species lengthens the plasma life. Since the longer pulses spend a significant portion of their (-)-p-Bromotetramisole Oxalate duration traveling through
previously formed plasma, as depicted in Figure 2, the energy transmitted via longer pulse is not enough to ablate the material upon contact with the target material. Rather, this transmitted energy gets stored in the top part of the lattice and gets transferred into the bulk in all directions, making the target temperature rise in the area surrounding the irradiated spot. This makes molecules to become loose to form a larger pool of molten material. As a result, the subsequent longer pulses expel large particles and droplets into the plasma upon contacting the molten pool. On the contrary, the interaction of the short pulses with the target surface does not rise as much high temperature which creates shallow molten pool. Hence, the material removed from the target is composed of smaller particles and droplets. The size of the plasma species and the temperature rise of the target surface greatly affect the type of nanotips that grow on the target surface. Figure 4 shows SEM images of the randomly selected spots from the irradiated target surface with 214-fs laser pulses.